Wonder  }  Protected area

Rosandra Valley

A deep gorge carved by the Rosandra stream where it really could not, that is, on the Trieste Karst.

Automatically translated page.

Where is

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

34018 Bagnoli della Rosandra TS, Italia (61m s.l.m.)


Land of Wonders - The Rosandra Valley (Dolina Glinščice) is a small nature paradise on the border between Italy and Slovenia, now protected by a regional reserve. You can really get lost in the Valley, marveling at the dozens of trails and equipped routes that unfold within it.

Follow the Rosandra stream, the only surface watercourse in the Trieste Karst. Wander along the dozens of trails that unfold within it and be fascinated by the geomorphology of the landscape carved out by the stream, the clarity of its waters, the small villages that overlook it, and its impressive waterfall. Enjoy the breathtaking views of the valley and the Gulf of Trieste from the Moccò and San Lorenzo lookouts or the Comici Capstone. Observe in the imposing steep cliffs the erosive effects of karstification and the geological and geomorphological evolution of these places. And don't miss the flavors of the frontier cuisine typical of the area.

Trieste as seen from the Rosandra Valley

Melting pot of cultures

Val Rosandra is a borderland where the border has now ceased to have meaning, allowing two peoples who had been united for centuries to reunify as part of the European Union. This whole area, in fact, before the Great War was simply Austria-Hungary and had been so for many centuries. Today it is possible to breathe again that historical brotherhood that allows one to consider typical here dishes of Slavic, Germanic and Hungarian names and origins, clearly Slavic surnames, and the customs and traditions of a bilingual community that has never really divided, despite the many barriers.

Sportsman's Paradise

Nature here has remained undisturbed and everyone's, and the valley is equipped for sports such as trekking or climbing. Italy's first "climbing school" was born right here, founded in 1929 by Italian climber Emilio Comici, after whom it is named. The rocky spur in the center of the valley, the Cippo Comici, also bears his name. Last but not least, a bicycle and pedestrian path skirts the Rosandra Valley and, following an old railway line, connects nearby Trieste to the small Slovenian town of Kozina.

The bike path, along the former railroad

Centuries of history

The Valley was inhabited since the Paleolithic period without interruption. There are many traces of human interventions over the centuries: archaeological remains found in the caves that line the right wall of the valley (now at the Winckelmann Museum of Antiquities in Trieste), the remains of the Roman aqueduct that probably remained in operation until the 6th century AD, the remains of the Moccò Castle that once acted as a stronghold of the territory controlling what was the Salt Route.

The "little Matterhorn"

The valley was in fact crossed inland by an ancient trade route that connected the salt pans to the outlet of the Rosandra stream and fostered its trade. It was precisely this ancient source of wealth that was the reason for continued attacks by neighboring Venice during the Middle Ages, which led to the dedication of Trieste and the surrounding area to the dukes of Austria and the house of Habsburg. With the salt pans destroyed by imposition of the Venetians, the area remained in the background, leaving its control to nature. Only the mills remained, which until the late 1970s harnessed the water's energy for flour production and of which few ruins now remain.

In 1841 the Austro-Hungarian Vienna-Ljubljana-Trieste railway arrived at the edge of the Rosandra Valley. With a peripheral section, the railway also connected the town to the small settlement of Draga Sant'Elia, where today in place of the tracks, removed in 1966, the Cottur cycle-pedestrian path passes.

In 1996 the Nature Reserve was established by regional law, and in 2006 it came directly under the control of the Municipality of San Dorligo della Valle. The modern visitor center of Val Rosandra promotes, activities, meetings, guided tours to popularize its faunistic, floristic, botanical, geological and paleontological beauties. Today many study it, many care for it, and many visit it, because it is truly felt as a collective heritage.

11 people have liked


In the Community

Ciao , share photos and emotions about this Wonder

The Map thanks:

Recommended by
Mario Andrea Francavilla


Give the gift of a SharryLand Trip!
With the Gift Card it's that easy!