Colli al Metauro: archaeological discoveries and Ancient Rome
Along the ancient Via Flaminia
What it is and where it is
Colli al Metauro is a widespread municipality that was formed in recent years through the merger of three municipalities-Montemaggiore al Metauro, Saltara and Serrungarina. This territory actually has some common features from a cultural point of view. In ancient times, for example, it was a very important transit area, since it was crossed by none other than the Via Flaminia. The traces of this past are clearly visible today, as much in archaeological sites and museums as in local toponymy.
Why it is special
Tavernelle locality, for example, derives its name from the Latin word "tabernulae," or small taverns. Since ancient times, the small town filled the role of a rest station; a resting place for men and horses in transit on the stretch of the Flaminia consular road between Fossombrone and Fano. All this has been confirmed by archaeological finds in the area of the present parish church where a small antiquarium has also been created (some finds, including a marble head, are instead kept in the Museum of Forum Sempronii - Fossombrone).
Not to be missed
Saltara probably owes its name to the Roman tradition, that is, from "Saltus Aeris, " "bronze forest." According to a legend, in the woods bordering the locality the Carthaginians abandoned their armor after the defeat they suffered at the hands of the Romans in the Battle of Metauro in 207 BC. In the former church of Gonfalone, beautiful mosaics belonging to an ancient Roman domus are also preserved. These are three mosaic fragments found in 1928, not far from the "mutatio ad Octavo" near Calcinelli.
A bit of history
The presence of these fundamental threads has given Colli al Metauro a history full of important events, which have been interwoven, without ever breaking them, with the rural and humble habits of its inhabitants, who still protect and love their land, working its countryside and respecting its historical monuments, with the cheerful but decisive tranquility of those whose roots weld them securely to the soil.
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