What it is and where it is
Surrounding walls, battlements, a water-filled moat and drawbridges: it looks like the setting of a historical novel, or a fantasy, but instead it is real and is located in Pagazzano, a short distance from Bergamo. It's an impressive castle whose interior has been mellowed over time, juxtaposing the mighty defensive structures with the graceful structures of aristocratic dwellings and the straightforward, practical ones of the agricultural world. The result is a complex that holds the story of centuries of local history.
Why it is special
Pagazzano Castle has a very long history behind it, but inside it is not just a museum of itself: thanks to municipal interventions and citizen initiative, various museums are set up in the different spaces of the castle. In the keep, for example, is the Historical Museum of the Border Castles, in the basement, the Museum of Peasant Civilization, but the Archaeological Museum of Great Works (M.A.G.O.) should not be overlooked either. More humble, but no less important, is the municipal library, to enable citizens to have a space to experience in their daily lives.
Not to be missed
The walls are well preserved, allowing visitors to walk along them as the guards once did to guard the castle. It is also possible to climb the spiral staircase that leads up to the top of the keep, from where you can peer down at the panorama that lies at its foot.
A bit of history
It arose in the 6th century as a fortified center. In the 14th century, due to the presence of the Lombards, it became the property of the Visconti family of Milan. In 1354 it was inherited by Bernabò Visconti, along with the rest of the Gera d'Adda territory.
Thanks to some writings and documents we know that Francesco Petrarch had the opportunity to visit the village of Pagazzano. It is said that on these occasions he also visited the castle. Who knows, maybe he too had a chance to admire the landscape enchanted from the top of the keep!
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