Nazzano Tevere-Farfa Nature Reserve
Dam with surprise: a treasure trove of biodiversity is born from human intervention
What it is and where it is
Two rivers and a lake mark the boundaries of a spectacular natural area of wetlands, reed beds and trees resistant to the flooding of the waterways that reign supreme here. The protagonists of so much beauty are the Tiber River, the Farfa River and the Lake of Nazzano, which together create the Nazzano Tevere - Farfa Regional Nature Reserve, the first protected area to be established in Lazio to protect one of the largest and most important wetlands in the region, especially in reference to the Lake of Nazzano.
Why it is special
Such an environment constitutes an irresistible lure for many animals, both volatile, such as the grey heron, peregrine falcon, brown kite and many others, and terrestrial, such as porcupines, wild boars and foxes, to be observed with respect from the turrets and huts set up in the reserve, or even from the boats that ply the Tiber. Proof of its ecological and environmental value is the fact that it has been declared a Site of Community Interest and Special Protection Area.
Not to be missed
Here the immersion in nature is total: the nature itineraries allow you to penetrate into the green on safe paths suitable even for less experienced walkers, but, since we are in fact in the realm of water, you should not overlook another visiting experience: in fact, you can also explore the reserve on board a boat, which slowly follows the course of the Tiber River and allows you to savor the natural and scenic beauty of the protected area. There are two landing points, at Torrita Tiberina and Nazzano, and they are also connected by land by one of the reserve's trails, with a longer variant going as far as Sant'Oreste.
A bit of history
It all begins with Lake Nazzano, and its history is a fairly recent one. It was born, in fact, with the construction between 1953 and 1955 of a dam for the production of electricity. This work, which arose almost close to the confluence of the Tiber and Farfa rivers, resulted in the flooding of the surrounding areas, thus the birth of a small lake. Thus was born an environment so rich that it was protected as the Nazzano Tevere-Farfa Nature Reserve, cited even within the Ramsar Convention, signed in Iran in 1971 to protect those areas of fundamental importance for biodiversity, especially for avian species.
Also belonging to the nature reserve are the Farfa Gorges, a true paradise for trekkers and nature lovers. Their lush vegetation and icy, crystal-clear water are the stars of unspoiled nature. The incessant flow of water has formed canyons and loops over the centuries, surrounded by beautiful, fragrant forests of holm oaks, hornbeams and turkey oaks.
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